Unidad Habitacional De Marsella Le Corbusier

Text description noted by los architects. After mundo War II, the need for real estate was at an unmatched high. The Unite d’Habitation in Marseille, France was the first big scale task for the famed architect, Le Corbusier. In 1947, Europe was still feeling los effects of ns Second world War, when Le Corbusier was commissioned to design a multi-family residential real estate project for ns people that Marseille that were dislocated delaware the bombings ~ above France.

Tu lees esto: Unidad habitacional de marsella le corbusier


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Completed in 1952, los Unite d’ Habitation was ns first of a nuevo housing project serie for Le Corbusier that concentrated on communal living for all the inhabitants to shop, play, live, and come together in uno “vertical garden city.”


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site plan

The hold together d’Habitation was uno first, both for Le Corbusier and the ways in i beg your pardon to approach such a large complex to accommodate roughly 1,600 residents. Especially due to the fact that Le Corbusier walk not have many structures of such uno substantial scale when contrasted to the villas. When creating for such a significant number of inhabitants natural instinct is to architecture horizontally spreading el fin over the landscape, fairly Le Corbusier design the community that one would certainly encounter in un neighborhood within uno mixed use, modernist, residential high rise.


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Le Corbusier’s opinión of the “vertical garden city” was based on bringing the departamento within ns larger volume that permitted for ns inhabitants to have actually their very own private spaces, however outside of the private sector they would shop, eat, exercise, y gather together.


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plan

With almost 1,600 residents divided amongst eighteen floors, the design requires creative approach toward spatial company to accommodate los living spaces, too as los public, communal spaces. Interestingly enough, the majority of ns communal aspects do not take place within ns building; rather they are put on los roof. 


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section

The roof becomes un garden terrace that has actually a correr track, uno club, uno kindergarten, uno gym, and a shallow pool. Beside ns roof, there are shops, medical facilities, and even a small hotel distributed throughout the interior of los building. Ns Unite d’Habitation is essentially ns “city within ns city” that is spatially, too as, functionally optimized for the residents.


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Unlike Corbusier’s generalmente employment of uno stark, white façade, unite d’Habitation is constructed from reinforced beton-brut concrete (rough cast concrete), i m sorry was the least i have lot of money in post-war Europe. However, that could additionally be understood as materialistic implementation aimed in ~ characterizing ns conditional estado of life after the war rápido rough, worn, unforgiving.


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Even though hold together d’Habitation does no take on the same materialistic qualities as most of Corbusier’s works, over there is still uno sense the mechanistic influence, in addition to the Five Points arisen by Corbusier in los 1920s. Because that example, the buildings big volume is sustained on huge pilotis that allow for circulation, gardens, y gathering spaces below los building; los roof garden/terrace creates the largest communal space within los entire building, y the integrated patio into the façade system minimizes los perception of ns buildings height, as to create an summary ribbon home window that emphasizes the horizontality that such un large building.


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Also, that is evident that Le Corbusier’s mechanized influences from other industries have not been shed in design. As huge as the Unite d’Habitation is, it begins to resemble los steamship the Corbusier is so intrigued with.

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The substantial volume shows up to it is in floating, the ribbon windows resemble ns cabin windows running along ns hull, while ns roof garden/terrace y sculptural ventilation stacks appear as ns top deck and the smoke stacks. Also though the these aspects are quite figural and open come interpretation based on perception, there is an inherent link between ns two.


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One of the most interesting and important facets of the Unite d’Habitation is los spatial organization of ns residential units. Unlike most real estate projects the have a “double-stacked” corridor (a solamente hallway con units on either side), Le Corbusier designed the units come span desde each página of the building, and having uno double elevation living room reducing los number of required corridors to one every numero 3 floors.


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By narrowing los units y allowing for a double elevation space, Corbusier is capable of properly placing much more units in the building and creating an interlocking device of residential volumes. At each end of ns unit over there is un balcony safeguarded by a brise-soleil that allows for cross ventilation throughout ns unit flowing through ns narrow bedrooms into ns double elevation space; emphasizing an open up volume quite than an open up plan.


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Unite d’Habitation is just one of Le Corbusier’s most crucial projects, and one of ns most innovative architecture responses to ns residential building. So lot so, that the Unite d’ Habitation is stated to have influenced the Brutalist format with ns use the beton-brut concrete. Hold together d’Habitation has because been the example for public real estate across the world; however, alguno venture has been as successful as ns Unite d’Habitation just because the Modular proportions that Corbusier established during los project. Nonetheless, Le Corbusier’s very first large range project has actually proved to be one of his many significant y inspiring.

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ProjectsBuilt ProjectsArchitecture ClassicsMixed usar ArchitectureResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsMarseilleHousingResidentialMixed UseFrance
Cite: Andrew Kroll. "AD Classics: unite d" Habitation / Le Corbusier" 05 Nov 2010. dvdprostore.com. Accessed .

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AD经典:马赛公寓 / 勒·柯布西耶

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