LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (27 March mil ochocientos ochenta y seis – diecisiete August 1969) is one of los most prominent architects of los 20th century, recognized for his function in ns development of los most enduring architectural style of los era: modernism. Born in Aachen, Germany, Mies" career started in ns influential estudio of Peter Behrens, wherein Mies worked alongside two other titans the modernism, Walter Gropius y Le Corbusier. For almost uno century, Mies" minimalist layout has proved really popular; his renowned aphorism "less is more" is still extensively used, also by those who space unaware of its origins.

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Mies started to construct this format through los 1920s, combining ns functionalist industria concerns of his modernist contemporaries and an aesthetic drive towards minimal intersecting planes—rejecting los traditional equipment of enclosed of rooms y relying heavily on glass to dissolve ns boundary between los building"s interior and exterior. Ns decade was bookended by his proposal for los Friedrichstraße skyscraper, an unrealized all-glass tower draft in 1921 which cemented his call within the architectural avant-garde, y by his mil novecientos veintinueve German Pavilion in ~ the barna Exposition (more typically known as the barcelona Pavilion) which remains among his most popular and extendido works.

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In 1930, Mies took over from Hannes Meyer as director of ns Bauhaus—the school started by and most commonly associated con its founder Walter Gropius—serving as its leader till it was required to near in 1933 under pressure desde the Nazi government. In 1932, the work of Mies formed ns cornerstone the the museum of contemporary Art"s exhibition top top "The internacional Style" maintain by Philip Johnson y Henry-Russell Hitchcock, one exhibition the not only reinforced Mies" function as uno leader of los modernist movement, but additionally brought los movement chin to a wider, more international audience.

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After los closure of los Bauhaus y the ongoing rise of the Nazis in Germany, Mies uncovered work in his home country increasingly difficult. That eventually made decision to emigrate to the United states in 1937, whereby he resolved in Chicago y became the head of los Illinois instituto of Technology. During his 20 years at IIT, Mies emerged what came to be known together "the second Chicago college of architecture," un style the simplified, rectilinear high-rise structures exemplified by projects such as 860-880 Lakeshore Drive y the Seagram Building. Together this nuevo skyscraper typology, he likewise continued to build his low-slung, pavilion typology that he very first tested in projects favor the barcelona Pavilion—with his totally transparent Farnsworth House, perfect in 1951, probably los most enduring example in ns United States. At times, Mies was likewise able to incorporate both of this typologies into one composition, together he did in los three-building complicated of ns Chicago federal Center.